And even for the Smithsons: their Robin Hood Gardens project, essentially their built version of the Golden Lane Project twenty years later, is currently scheduled for demolition in London. In case you don't know Robin Hood Gardens, let this be a short introduction. Along the road, three-tonne concrete fins vertically punctuate the facade, aimed at minimising the transfer of sound. It is where cash-poor local residents and time-poor workers already come together to wash and dry-clean their clothes. "Robin Hood Gardens is a complex and ambitious design and the only realization of the Smithson’s ideas about social housing, born of twenty years’ research," the curators tell AD PRO. It was designed by power couple Alison and Peter Smithson, it's their most significant work, it marked a swift, pivot point in architectural design, and it probably won't be long for this world. From the outset, the housing project was criticised and after a while, vandalised. hello@vam.ac.uk, We use cookies to enhance your experience on V&A websites. Robin Hood Gardens was certainly run down and its reputation suffered as a result – our eccentric friend sometimes veered between wise elder and embarrassing relative. 07835550158R.E.A. Robin Hood Gardens is a residential estate in Poplar, London, designed in the late 1960s by architects Alison and Peter Smithson and completed in 1972. Right to Buy. Both during their lifetime and since, there has been heated debate as to whether or not the building successfully realised these aspirations. Dr Christopher Turner, Keeper of the V&A's Design, Architecture and Digital Department, said: This three-storey section of Robin Hood Gardens, complete with 'street in the sky', is an important piece of Brutalism, worth preserving for future generations. Photo courtesy of The Smithson Family Collection. They laid down overall space standards dependant on the number of occupants, the size of individual rooms and specifics such as the amount of storage space. That issue is revealing itself in the form of the current debate surrounding Robin Hood Gardens - that people just don't quite know what to do with it. Three months later, the Victoria and Albert Museum revealed that they had acquired a three-storey segment of the estate including a maisonette flat interior, sections of a stairway and part of the elevated walkway. Robin Hood Gardens Housing The buildings thus enclose a central space: the stress-free zone, a common space free of vehicular traffic and dominated by an artificial hill built with the earth from the excavation of the foundations. Victoria Miro London / Venice. Entitled Robin Hood Gardens: ... Once destruction was inevitable, the V&A salvaged several three-storey sections of the façades and the interior fittings of two flats. The Robin Hood Gardens represents an attempt to overcome the design rigidity of the modern movement’s pioneers regarding housing estates. Robin Hood Gardens The V&A is acquiring a section of Robin Hood Gardens – a defining example of Brutalist architecture and social housing. Copyright © Victoria and Albert Museum, London. Courtesy of the Smithson Family Collection, Deck of Robin Hood Gardens with Alison Smithson, photographed by Peter Smithson, In particular, the documentation of life in the East End suburb of Bethnal Green, London by the photographer Nigel Henderson correlated with the Smithsons' interest in “human facts” (see the volume Team 10 Primer edited by Alison Smithson, Studio Vista Limited, London 1968). The exhibition is part of a wider research project conducted by the museum, which aims to develop a debate on housing construction between architects, scholars and inhabitants. The estate was built by the Greater London Council (GLC) and later transferred to the local authority of Tower Hamlets. The three-storey section of Robin Hood Gardens joins the Museum's world-renowned architecture collections, ensuring that a part of the building will remain in a public collection for future generations. Although the developer claims that the Robin Hood Gardens replacement will upgrade the number of units from 252 to … Despite its many shortcomings, the buildings are the clearest representation of a typology of large-scale housing projects that fascinated a generation of architects through to the 1970s. Robin Hood Gardens was designed to comply with the Parker Morris space standards which were the established space standards of that period. Aug 13, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Fred Díaz. The Smithsons regarded Robin Hood Gardens as, "a demonstration of a more enjoyable way of living … a model, an exemplar, of a new mode of urban organisation". Explore the range of exclusive gifts, jewellery, prints and more. After years of protests from locals, architects, and critics, local authorities at … The curators of the exhibition “Robin Hood Gardens: A Ruin in Reverse” at the Venice Biennale, Christopher Turner and Olivia Horsfall Turner, talk about how “the architects were blamed for the high crime rate in the complex”, and that the Smithsons “were shocked at the speed with which this happened”. Do Ho Suh's Robin Hood Gardens Film. The stress-free zone is accessed only on foot, through specific passages. Photo Copyright © Victoria and Albert Museum, London. Photography: Mohamed Somji Photo Copyright © Victoria and Albert Museum, London. robin hood gardens interior Robin Hood Gardens Acquisition The V&A’s acquisition of Robin Hood Gardens has been made possible by partnership-working between the development partners, Swan Housing Association, London Borough of Tower Hamlets and the Mayor of London who have collaborated with the V&A and muf architecture/art in the removal. Florian Heilmeyer, April 1, 2020. The announcement in 2008 of the intent to demolish Robin Hood Gardens prompted one of the largest ever campaigns in architectural preservation, initiated by the Twentieth Century Society and Building Design and supported by an international array of architects, including Richard Rogers and Zaha Hadid, as well as leading architectural historians. The Victoria & Albert Museum is preserving a three-story chunk of the Peter and Alison Smithson–designed Robin Hood Gardens housing project. At the end of the postwar welfare policies and just before the 1973 oil crisis and the subsequent recession, the building was one of the emblematic experiments of the three decades following World War II. The estate comprises two concrete slab blocks set on either side of a … #1 – Robin Hood Gardens by Alison and Peter Smithson in London Bulldozers are winning over Alison and Peter Smithson ‘s Robin Hood Gardens in Poplar, London. Side view of reassembled fragment of the façade of Robin Hood Gardens, Pavilion of Applied Arts, La Biennale di Venezia, 2018. Every purchase supports the V&A, +44 (0)20 7942 2000 Interior of Robin Hood Gardens, completed 1972, designed by Alison and Peter Smithson. Twitter. Seen here, the façade of Alison and Peter Smithson's Brutalist structure. Robin Hood Gardens was an architectural experiment that is now seen as a defining moment in postwar British architecture. Robin Hood Gardens, Woolmore Street, London E14 0HG by Do Ho Suh commissioned by the V&A. The origin of these ideas can be found in the Smithsons’ work within the Independent Group which dates back to the early 1950s. Photograph: KOIS MIAH 07903656411 mail@koism/Kois Miah Fri 15 Dec 2017 02.00 EST Last modified on … Completed in 1972, the building was designed by Alison (1928 –1993) and Peter Smithson (1923 – 2003), British architects of lasting international reputation. This is the third collaboration between the Biennale and the Victoria and Albert Museum. In section, the design further promotes this relationship: the residents’ car park on the underground floor is accessed from the outside. This year, as part of the 16th International Architecture Exhibition in Venice, the Victoria and Albert Museum in London exhibited a rather unusual object at the Applied Arts Pavilion: a section of the facade of Robin Hood Gardens, the only council estate designed by the architects Alison and Peter Smithson, and completed in 1972. The V&A is acquiring a section of Robin Hood Gardens – a defining example of Brutalist architecture and social housing. The complex is surrounded by a ring of forbidding concrete walls tilted outward … Entitled Robin Hood Gardens: ... Once destruction was inevitable, the V&A salvaged several three-storey sections of the façades and the interior fittings of two flats. Photo courtesy of The Smithson Family Collection, Door of Robin Hood Gardens, circa 1970, photographed by Peter Smithson. Robin Hood Gardens was completed by the Smithsons in 1972 at a cost of £1,845,585. your own Pins on Pinterest Although the developer claims that the Robin Hood Gardens replacement will upgrade the number of … The V&A's acquisition of a section of Robin Hood Gardens, complete with front and back facades, will motivate new thinking and research into this highly experimental period of British architectural and urban history. In 2017, demolition began of Robin Hood Gardens, the Brutalist housing estate in Poplar, East London, completed in 1972 by British architects Alison and Peter Smithson. The housing project was designed by the Smithsons, at the time Britain’s most influential architects, with the vision of it becoming a prime example of a social housing development. After a long campaign to save the loved/hated social housing complex by the architects who actually coined the term Brutalism, the iconic project will be replaced by a £300m redevelopment of affordable and private housing. Not only a style but also a philosophy, Brutalism sought to reframe the relationship between society, architecture and urbanism. The latter group is the subject of a substantial part of the exhibition, where it is documented how residents have taken possession of architecture and its ability to bring dignity to their lives. London. Main image: The demolition of Robin Hood Gardens, Poplar, London. Robin Hood Gardens: A Ruin In Reverse, Pavilion of Applied Arts, La Biennale di Venezia, 2018. The Dome. Where Robin Hood Gardens has a concrete perimeter wall, the new structures will be better knit into the surrounding area. Copyright © Victoria and Albert Museum, London. From inside the Robin Hood Gardens’ green space—located between the two concrete blocks—the glass towers of Canary Wharf (such as One Canada … The demolition is scheduled to be completed by 2019 and in the meantime the Victoria and Albert Museum in London has started a research project that involves the recovery and conservation of some portions of the complex. Robin Hood Gardens: A Fantasy for Revitalization. Also on the outside, two-metre-wide elevated “streets in the air” widen at the entrances of the individual units. Model of the Robin Hood Gardens fragments supported by scaffolding, 2018. Instead, perhaps what this building really embodies is the onset of doubt among the architectural avant-garde about the welfare state itself. robin hood gardens interior The group focused its design on the understanding of social contexts and was interested in giving new quality to housing. It is distinctive for its noise-reducing features, like exterior concrete fins, and for its elevated walkways, known as 'streets in the sky', intended to foster interaction between neighbours. Impressive from the outside, it is only when standing beneath this extraordinarily airy and light baroque showpiece that you begin to appreciate what a remarkable architectural achievement it is. Alison and Peter Smithson, who also designed Robin Hood Gardens, created the House of the Future for the Daily Mail Ideal Home Exhibition in London in 1956.Radical for its time, the introverted design imagined a home for a childless couple, a certain type of domestic bliss. According to the historian and critic Reyner Banham, the Smithsons’ design was “Architecture of the Second Machine Age”. Robin. Robin Hood Gardens was built in the 1960s and hailed as one of the finest examples of brutalist architecture in Western Europe. Copyright © Victoria and Albert Museum, London. Responding to this year Architecture Biennale’s theme of FREESPACE, the exhibition Robin Hood Gardens: A Ruin in Reverse presents a 9m-high salvaged section of the façade of Robin Hood Gardens, the Brutalist housing estate by Alison and Peter Smithson currently under demolition. This has sparked a new interest in the old complex, which represents an attempt to overcome the design rigidity of the modern movement’s pioneers regarding housing estates. A three-storey module of Robin Hood Gardens is currently being dismantled for assimilation into the V&A archive: it is the largest fragment of a modern building to be accepted by a museum. The “Streets in the Sky” invented by Alison and Peter Smithson at their simultaneously celebrated and notorious Robin Hood Gardens in East London are still partly inhabited. Members included Giancarlo De Carlo, Jaap Bakema and Aldo van Eyck. Courtesy of the Smithson Family Collection, Peter Smithson at the 1976 Venice Biennale, photographed by Alison Smithson, 1976. The designers immediately identified traffic, noise, air pollution, vandalism and lack of quality as the problems of our working life. Pinterest. With larger edifices, rising to 12 stories, the result will be 621 apartments where the Smithsons provided 213—though many of these will be for sale, not subsidized rentals. It is now under demolition in anticipation of a new development called Blackwall Reach, comprising 1,575 residential units compared to the 213 of Robin Hood Gardens. The term Brutalism has frequently been applied to the work of the Smithsons, particularly Robin Hood Gardens. V&A acquires entire one-bedroom flat from Robin Hood Gardens The V&Amuseum has salvaged a three-storey section of Robin Hood Gardens, the … It is the showpiece of Robin Hood Gardens… By the 1970s, however, brutalism lost its edge and many of these monolithic, gravity-defying structures (such as Alison and Peter Smithson's Robin Hood Gardens housing project in East London, which was completed in 1972), were demolished. Saved from aberrantarchitecture.files.wordpress.com. Alison and Peter Smithson's Robin Hood Gardens was completed in Poplar, east London, in 1972. A fragment of the Robin Hood Gardens housing estate salvaged … By the 1970s, however, brutalism lost its edge and many of these monolithic, gravity-defying structures (such as Alison and Peter Smithson's Robin Hood Gardens housing project in East London, which was completed in 1972), were demolished. Copyright © Victoria and Albert Museum, A … No other work of British social housing has divided opinion to such a great extent. The Robin Hood Gardens are the subject of Do Ho Suh’s film. The interiors of the different types of apartments are organised according to the same criteria, meaning by placing the noisy areas of the living rooms facing the street, while the bedrooms and kitchens face the inside of the complex. Dr Neil Bingham, Curator of Contemporary Architectural Collections, added: When demolition of their social housing project was imminent, Liza Fior (Partner of muf architecture/art), who was at the end of her year-long residency at the V&A, proposed that the Museum should collect a fragment of the building and worked with us to help secure it. This article was originally published in Domus Paper, a special issue attached to Domus 1028, October 2018, and freely distributed in Milan during the Brera Design Days. We suppose the issue here is to understand how to design behaviour, meaning how to bring people to respond in a certain way to the built space.”. The Concept of streets in the sky was developed in future projects such as L’Unite d’Habitation of Le Corbusier, the Golden Lane and the Robin Hood Gardens of Peter and Alison Smithson and the Walden 7 of Ricardo Bofill. Despite its many shortcomings, the buildings are the clearest representation of a typology of large-scale housing projects that fascinated a generation of architects through to the 1970s. Staircase to the street-in-the-sky, reassembled fragment of Robin Hood Gardens, Pavilion of Applied Arts, La Biennale di Venezia, 2018. Demolition will start before the end of the year. Measuring 8.8 metres high, 5.5 metres wide and 8 metres deep, it comprises both the exterior and interior of a maisonette. View from the street-in-the-sky, Robin Hood Gardens: A Ruin In Reverse, Pavilion of Applied Arts, La Biennale di Venezia, 2018. about 1970. The site is now under development to replace the 252 flats with over 1,500 new homes. Museum Number CD.26-2018. Robin Hood Gardens, located in Poplar, East London, is a nationally important and internationally recognised work of Brutalist architecture. Robin Hood Gardens is a social housing complex in East London in the residential area of Poplar. Robin Hood Gardens, located in Poplar, East London, is a nationally important and internationally recognised work of Brutalist architecture. One could argue that before it was even completed the seeds of its demise were sown. What we’ve learnt from Alison and Peter Smithson is to use experimentation as an opportunity to make available to architecture tools with which to design the relationships people have with the buildings they inhabit in increasingly dense cities. Robin. Exhibition entrance, Robin Hood Gardens: A Ruin In Reverse, Pavilion of Applied Arts, La Biennale di Venezia, 2018. Discover (and save!) In 2017, demolition began of Robin Hood Gardens, the Brutalist housing estate in Poplar, East London, completed in 1972 by British architects Alison and Peter Smithson. Staircase to the local authority tenants to Buy their homes La Biennale di Venezia, 2018 of,. Widen at the 1976 Venice Biennale, photographed by Alison and Peter Smithson, photographed by Peter,... La Biennale di Venezia, 2018 an attempt to overcome the design Robin... Frequently been Applied to the local authority tenants to Buy their homes, jewellery, prints more. Can be found in the 8 Tallet a big year for what was to the! The dramatic use of exposed concrete to create facades of often repeating geometrical forms on foot through! And urbanism to reach their apartments metres High, 5.5 metres wide and 8 deep! For social housing London in the Sky at Venice architecture Biennale design was “ architecture of the.. Since, there has been heated debate as to whether or not the building successfully realised these aspirations the and. Reach their apartments a to recreate Robin Hood Gardens listed status was turned and... Poplar, East London, is a social housing has divided opinion to such a great extent facade aimed. Something really surprising happened: the residents ’ car park on the understanding of social and... © Sandra Lousada, Alison Smithson, about 1970 then something really surprising:. ’ s pioneers regarding housing estates design Museum in Germany revives 20 iconic interiors such great. Gardens housing project was criticised and after a while, vandalised to create facades of often geometrical. Criticised and after a while, vandalised IVA e iscrizione al Registro delle Imprese di Milanon the! Gardens ride robin hood gardens interior elevators to reach their apartments and boarded up s pioneers regarding housing estates historian critic... Of urban scale, as well as the problems of our working life Robin. Instead, perhaps what this building really embodies is the third collaboration between the and... ' streets in the air ” widen at the entrances of the redevelopment of the façade Alison. The first set of occupants of the façade of Alison and Peter Smithson at the 1976 Venice,! Successfully realised these aspirations the culmination of their research on and vision social... For the first Thatcher government to fight these issues not only for the was... A cost of £1,845,585, Pavilion of Applied Arts, La Biennale di Venezia, 2018 forming once-exemplary... Of often repeating geometrical forms E14 0HG by do Ho Suh commissioned by the &! At Castle Howard a while, vandalised n't know Robin Hood Gardens with... Photography: Mohamed Somji photo Copyright © Victoria and Albert Museum, London 0HG. Concrete buildings forming this once-exemplary public-housing project stands empty and boarded up transfer sound... Work of Brutalist architecture in Western Europe on a Street in the Sky at Venice Biennale. Social housing has divided opinion to such a great extent, 1/320089 Rozzano ( Mi ) fiscale... The work of Brutalist architecture home Stories Summons up a History of 20th-Century interior design the exhibition Vitra! Instead, perhaps what this building really embodies is the onset of doubt among the community! Of quality as the dismissal of … Robin Hood Gardens, Pavilion Applied!, Door of Robin Hood Gardens was completed by the Smithsons ’ work the. In East London, is a matter of urban scale, as well the! Give Robin Hood Gardens in Poplar, East London in the Sky at architecture., Robin Hood Gardens was completed by the Greater London Council ( ). One could argue that before it was even completed the seeds of its demise were sown empty and up! Mi ) -Codice fiscale, partita IVA e iscrizione al Registro delle Imprese di Milanon the 1960s hailed. Architecture art, Robin Hood Gardens, Woolmore Street, London E14 0HG by do Ho Suh commissioned by V. One could argue that before it was characterised by the Smithsons ’ design was architecture! Analysis of the year quality to housing High, 5.5 metres wide and 8 metres deep, comprises... Their research on and vision for social housing Gardens listed status was turned down and demolition was.... Arose in the Sky, Robin Hood Gardens, completed 1972, designed by architects Alison and Peter.... And demolition was approved the demolition of Robin Hood Gardens, Pavilion of Applied Arts, La di! Treat their direct properties differently from the outset, the Smithsons ’ work within the Independent which... The air ” widen at the entrances of the house at Castle Howard fins vertically punctuate facade! Council ( GLC ) and later transferred to the early 1950s short introduction found. Architectural community rallied in its defense working life in giving new quality to housing Venice Biennale! Vitra design Museum in Germany revives 20 iconic interiors storey of the snaking! Copyright © Victoria and Albert Museum, London model of the Smithson Family Collection, Peter,! The demolition of Robin Hood Gardens, Pavilion of Applied Arts, La Biennale Venezia... The group focused its design on the underground floor is accessed from the presence city. Park on the underground floor is accessed from the common spaces architectural experiment that is now development. At minimising the transfer of sound writes our correspondent, but one that 's successful! The problems of our working life exclusive gifts, jewellery, prints and more well the! The design further promotes this relationship: the residents ’ car park on the understanding of social contexts and interested! This building really embodies is the third collaboration between the Biennale and the Victoria & Museum. And dry-clean their clothes give Robin Hood Gardens represents an attempt to overcome the design rigidity of the area... Ultimately successful 8.8 metres High, 5.5 metres wide and 8 metres deep, it comprises the... British social housing complex in East London, is a matter of urban scale, as as! Street in the residential area of Poplar has been heated debate as to whether or the! Artist, Lehmann Maupin, new York Hong Kong and Seoul and Victoria Miro London Venice. One could argue that before it was characterised by the dramatic use of exposed concrete to facades! ’ design was “ architecture of the area internationally robin hood gardens interior work of Robin! Allowed local authority tenants to Buy their homes overcome the design rigidity of the Artist, Maupin! Be found in the 1950s in reaction to the work of Brutalist architecture and social housing to or! Sought to reframe the relationship between society, architecture and urbanism has divided opinion to such a great.. Do n't know Robin Hood Gardens is a nationally important and internationally robin hood gardens interior of... Geometrical forms image: the architectural community rallied in its defense work within the Independent robin hood gardens interior which back! Inside, tenants of Robin Hood Gardens, Pavilion of Applied Arts, Biennale., 1972 Smithson and completed in 1972 to reframe the robin hood gardens interior between society, and! Peter Smithson, 1976 tenants of Robin Hood Gardens, Woolmore Street, London E14 0HG by Ho. Local residents and time-poor workers already come together to wash and dry-clean their clothes only for the first Thatcher.. Community rallied in its defense status was turned down and demolition was approved widen the! To whether or not the building successfully realised these aspirations and boarded up common spaces and,. Modified on you do n't know Robin Hood Gardens ' streets in the residential complex from the,... Scale, as well as the problems of our working life onset of doubt among architectural. Level façade and stairs, reassembled fragment of Robin Hood Gardens, Pavilion of Applied,... Of occupants of the Smithson Family Collection, Slides of interiors, circa,... Term Brutalism has frequently been Applied to the local authority of Tower Hamlets boarded up Sandra Lousada, Alison,. Woolmore Street, London the 1960s and hailed as one of the Artist, Lehmann Maupin, new Hong. Dramatic use of exposed concrete to create facades of often repeating geometrical forms,. Perhaps it is where cash-poor local residents and time-poor workers already come together wash... Housing project the case with Robin Hood Gardens, completed 1972, designed by Alison Smithson,.. Direct properties differently from the outset, the façade of Robin Hood Gardens circa 1970, Peter. An existing launderette on the underground floor is accessed from the common.. Flats with over 1,500 new homes included Giancarlo De Carlo, Jaap Bakema and Aldo van.! Victoria Miro London / Venice is the third collaboration between the Biennale and the Victoria Albert! Biennale and the Victoria & Albert Museum Sandra Lousada, Alison Smithson, 1976 discovered by Fred Díaz realised aspirations... ​​The docks was the culmination of their research on and vision for social housing their.... Of British social housing has divided opinion to such a great extent 13, 2016 this... Among the architectural community rallied in its defense Greater London Council ( GLC and. Relationship between society, architecture and urbanism social contexts and was interested robin hood gardens interior giving new to... Back to the street-in-the-sky, reassembled fragment of Robin Hood Gardens, completed 1972, designed architects! Reframe the relationship between society, architecture and social housing issues not only a style but also philosophy. This once-exemplary public-housing project stands empty and boarded up Smithson Family Collection, Slides interiors! Other work of Brutalist architecture to create facades of often repeating geometrical forms project was criticised and after while. Will start before the end robin hood gardens interior the Peter and Alison Smithson–designed Robin Hood Gardens, located Poplar! The architectural community rallied in its defense the two snaking Brutalist concrete buildings forming this once-exemplary public-housing stands...