It is often below sea level.. Geological basins are one of the two most common places inland which collect sediment (the other is lakes).The type of rocks which form there tell about the palaeoclimate of the continent.The geology is of interest to oil prospectors, hydrologists and palaeontologists Fossil fuels formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals. Discharge The remains of the diatoms were at the bottom of these basins. The remaining water becomes even saltier. structure built across a river or other waterway to control the flow of water. layers of gases surrounding a planet or other celestial body. Tara Ramroop A confluence – where a river joins another river. Both river basins and watersheds are areas of land that drain to a particular water body, such as a lake, stream, river or estuary. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. And, it carries the largest volume of water to the s… one of the seven main land masses on Earth. In these subduction zones, the heavier plate moves underneath, or subducts, the lighter one. Video. Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. There are also seasonal lakes (or dry lakes), or even deserts on which rivers end and are evaporated or filtered into the ground. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples In the right conditions, the pressure of the sediment fill turns the diatom remains into petroleum. Q16. Ans. New seafloor is created at the bottom, or rift, of a mid-ocean ridge. river basin - the entire geographical area drained by a river and its tributaries; an area characterized by all runoff being conveyed to the same outlet; "flood control in the Missouri basin" catchment area , catchment basin , drainage area , drainage basin , watershed , basin ... orinoco river. geographic area whose rock strata contain oil or gas. A river basin is an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries. tiny ocean animal, some of which secrete calcium carbonate to form reefs. Basin definition, a circular container with a greater width than depth, becoming smaller toward the bottom, used chiefly to hold water or other liquid, especially for washing. A Watershed - an area of highland surrounding the river basin. Dunn, Margery G. (Editor). A confluence - where a river joins another river. Edges of the continents, called continental shelves, form the sides of ocean basins.There are five major ocean basins, coordinating with the major oceans of the world: the Pacific basin, the Atlantic basin, the Indian basin, the Arctic basin, and the Southern basin. rock, debris, and other material that fills a sedimentary basin. The Mississippi River basin in the U.S., for instance, is made up of six major watersheds: the Missouri, Upper Mississippi, Ohio, Tennessee, Lower Mississippi, and Arkansas-Red-White Rivers. Endorheic basins have internal drainage systems. Structural basins are usually found in dry regions. Also called a sink. Basins are formed by forces above the ground (like erosion) or below the ground (like earthquakes). You cannot download interactives. google_ad_width = 250; Explorer-in-Residence Enric Sala reviews general facts about the Arctic Ocean. It evaporates or seeps into the ground.A lake basin is another type of structural basin. Define river basin. Basins are shaped like bowls, with sides higher than the bottom. google_ad_height = 250; So, a basin is a geographical area that is washed into a sea, a river, a lake, or any other particular spot. A geological basin is a large low-lying area. state of matter with no fixed shape that will fill any container uniformly. Mouth - Where a river meets a lake, the sea or an ocean. In North America, the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin is one of the continent's largest suppliers of gas and coal. Hunza Lake in Pakistan was formed when an earthquake triggered a massive landslide in 2010. area of land covered by shallow water or saturated by water. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. A river drainage basin is an area drained by a river and all of its tributaries. All rights reserved. A smaller tributary flows into the main river. From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English river basin ˈriver ˌbasin noun [countable] SG an area from which all the water flows into the same river Examples from the Corpus river basin • Another use of the simulation model might be to assess the effect of increasing the urban area lying within a river basin. Unintentionally, 1m3s-1 is equivalent to 1 cumec, so the discharge of a river is regularly estimated in cumecs because it is somewhat simpler to state. The term watershed is used to describe a smaller area of land that drains to a smaller stream, lake or wetland. The remains were crushed under billions of tons of sediment fill, over millions of years. depression in the Earth's surface caused by tectonic activity. //-->. A river basin sends all the water that falls within it to a central river, and from there to the ocean. River basins have typical features, these include: Tributaries - smaller rivers flowing into a larger river. Also called crude oil. The Great Floods of 2000 The dis… Effective basin planning is the starting point for sustainable management of river basins. process where streams do not drain to a larger watershed. A Watershed - an area of highland surrounding the river basin. Ans. What do the people of Amazon rainforest grow? When the glaciers move, the basins they create remain. Other articles where Amazon Basin is discussed: plant: Plant geography: Amazon basin have evolved as a part of a river system whose water level fluctuates annually by as much as 15 metres (50 feet) or more along the middle and lower Amazon. Structural basins, formed by tectonic activity and the natural processes of weathering and erosion, are found predominantly in dry regions. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. While water evaporates into the atmosphere, minerals remain. The Ghaghara river is the largest tributary of river Ganga. Terms of Service |  ,