By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. When repotting a poinsettia because it has outgrown its previous container, the new container should have a diameter no more than 2 inches larger than the previous container. When you want the poinsettia to bloom, start following the darkness routine mentioned above. Remember to keep them away from heat sources, drafts, and direct sunlight. Once all of the leaves have died back, prune the bushes back to two buds and keep it … if he could replant them in his yard and enjoy them for years to come and if he could, what should he do to ensure that he gets the prettiest blooms next year. Removing the Poinsettia. As the bright red bracts fade, water the poinsettia when the soil surface is dry to a depth of 1/2 inch, and don't apply fertilizer. For more tips, including how to prune your poinsettia, read on! However, to achieve re-blooming, poinsettias must have an 8 to 10 week period of long, dark nights. Damp rooting medium should be placed in the bottom of the new poinsettia container in a layer thick enough that the top of poinsettia root mass will reach an inch below the lip of the container. Water the plant in well. (1) Purchase healthy plants. Fall Poinsettia Care. The poinsettia plant is native to Central […] It is best to repot the poinsettia at this time, when it is about to produce a flush of new growth. Poinsettias require a loose, porous and well-draining soil. Thoroughly water the plant in so that its root mass is at the same soil depth it was previously at. Nighttime temperatures must be 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit (18-21 C.) for the plant to get tricked into blooming again. Make sure to water the poinsettia whenever the surface of the soil feels dry. Those of us lucky enough to live where there are few to no freezing periods can grow the plant directly outdoors. To force the colorful bracts, you will need to start in October providing special conditions. Spring is the best time for transplanting a poinsettia into the garden, after preparing the plant. Any diseased roots, which appear dark and soft, should be cut off with a clean, sharp knife; tease apart and cut the roots of multiple plants, if necessary. Some gardeners choose to save the potted plants indoors, especially in cooler regions. Poinsettias come in a range of colors from white to orange, but are most popular in their red variety. Poinsettias (Euphorbia pulcherrima), perennial plants native to Mexico, are prized for the colorful bracts they produce in late fall that make them an excellent addition to holiday decor as potted plants. However, if a plant patent protects the plant, it is not legal. If needed, add... Water the plant thoroughly. Poinsettias are tropical plants and love sunlight. Here are the things to look out for when buying a poinsettia: Look for fully extended foliage without wilting or browning edges. Poinsettias grow best in moist, well-drained, fertile soils. Poinsettia: Expert tips on caring for your poinsettia plant and extending its lifespan. Roots in a tight mass should be loosened or scored with a sharp knife. Place the poinsettia in the container and gently firm damp medium into the space around the roots. The optimum time for transplanting is late spring to early summer. If you are using a saucer under the container, empty any standing water to prevent root rot. Be sure it drains well to avoid root rot . Poinsettia Plant. Eventually the leaves will start to drop off. If you live farther north than that, your poinsettia will freeze into mush. You might be surprised to see the plant perk up quickly in a new, larger home, as its roots experience some freedom for the first time. Follow these tips to keep them looking healthy throughout the holiday season! If you spot bugs on your poinsettia, dab them with a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol to avoid an infestation. If left unpinched, the poinsettia will grow tall and spindly. You can then replant in the garden in a sunny spot. How to Balance pH With Lime and Peat When Potting, My Christmas Cactus Got Too Much Water & Is Dying, University of Rhode Island Landscape Horticulture Program: GreenShare Factsheets: Poinsettias, New Mexico State University Cooperative Extension Service: Poinsettias: Year After Year, Iowa State University Extension: Poinsettia Care. In warm regions, you may also try moving a poinsettia plant outside in a sheltered location. If your home is dry during the winter months, a humidifier or plant mister can help your plant stay hydrated. Decorating with poinsettias always sets a festive mood, and they're relatively low-maintenance houseplants (if you can remember to water your Christmas tree, you can keep a poinsettia alive). Keep the soil moderately moist but never soggy or completely dried out. Unpasteurized garden soil or topsoil from the landscape is not suitable for a poinsettia container, because it could contain pathogens and may hold too much moisture. Poinsettias have been through it all before they even get into your hands and find a place in your home. Plant your poinsettia at the same depth it was growing in its previous container. Loosen the roots and place the poinsettia in the hole, filling in around the root ball. Some experts recommend cutting the stems back by half before moving a poinsettia plant, but this isn’t strictly necessary. The soil should be organic, sterile and loose. Transplanting poinsettia plants will ensure they get plenty of root room as they grow and a new source of nutrition. With the arrival of fall, put a box over your plant or place it in a dark closet every night from around 5PM to 8AM. How to Prune Poinsettia Plants. The Poinsettia plant is a commercially important plant.The plant is native to Mexico and there are over 100 cultivated varieties. Damp potting soil should be placed at the bottom of the larger container. Give the plant 14 hours of darkness and 6 to 8 hours of bright light for 8 to 10 weeks. The University of Minnesota recommends June 15 as your target date. The water needs to be able to drain from the container because if the poinsettia sits in excess water, it will suffocate the roots. Bracts are the modified leaves that give poinsettia its red coloring. Sever a 2 1/2- to 4-inch-long stem from the base of the poinsettia using thoroughly cleaned, sharpened pruning shears. Transplanting a Poinsettia The hole for a poinsettia should be wider and deeper than the root ball of the plant. Remove the plant from its pot and loosen the roots gently. Follow the poinsettia care tips outlined so far, and you may find that your houseplant survives from … When the holidays are over, consider saving your poinsettia to plant in the landscape. Dig the hole several inches deep and wider than the root ball. DO Prune Your Poinsettia If You Plan to Reflower It Next Year. However, it will encourage new growth which can be pinched to encourage denser plants and more bracts. Poinsettias are susceptible to stem and root diseases if the soil is heavy and retains excess moisture. Break up the soil if it's lumpy, and refill the hole so that the surface of the soil in the container will be level with the surrounding ground. Touch the surface of the soil to determine if the plant needs water. Yes, but make sure you wait until all danger of frost has passed. July: In early July, pinch back each stem by about one inch. Fill the hole with loose soil to bring it up to the level of the plant’s root ball. Can you transplant poinsettias outside in cooler regions? A quality, premixed, pasteurized potting soil available commercially is suitable. If it has grown since the last check, trim the stems back down to 6 inches (15 cm) or to your desired size, leaving 3 or 4 new leaves on the stems. Careful attention to watering the soil daily is needed, and the leaves require misting regularly. Choose a container that is 2 to 4 inches larger than the one in which the plant was grown. Known as Christmas Stars, the Poinsettia is a staple Christmas plant for the home. Add a light amount of fertilizer in the spring and summer. Who doesn’t appreciate a lovely, vibrant poinsettia during the holiday season? Ideally, the leaves and protruding stem should be covered with a film of moisture at all times. A purchased blend with peat moss is a good choice. If salt-covered soil was removed, it should be replaced with new soil in a layer of the same thickness. Give the plant a good watering, but don't flood or soak it — gravel in the bottom of the pot will help keep the roots dry. To thrive and flower prolifically at the correct time each year, a poinsettia may need to be repotted occasionally. Poinsettias have brittle roots that are damaged by rough handling; thoroughly watering the poinsettia root mass a day or two prior to repotting makes it easier to handle. Any container used for poinsettia cultivation must have enough holes to ensure adequate drainage. Pick a spot where it'll receive full sun for most of the day. Learn How to grow Poinsettia plant, poinsettia care, Growing Poinsettia and more about plants in this article. Can you transplant poinsettias outside? Poinsettia's make a great Christmas plants and gifts, so ensuring you pick one that will continue to look its best throughout the silly season is essential. Pinch small shoots off in order to encourage bushiness. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Thanks a lot." The soil should be in a thick enough layer that the top of the poinsettia root mass will be about an inch below the lip of the container. Remove surface soils with accumulated salts. Transplanting your indoor houseplants is easier than you think. Generally, the cutting of a poinsettia can be placed directly in soil. This can cause wilting in poinsettia plants. You can try to fool the plant into producing the colorful leaves the next season, but first you have to keep the plant healthy. Bold and beautiful, the poinsettia plant (Euphorbia pulcherrima) has bright petals that contain small flowers of green and yellow at the center. If it is possible, how do I do this? Repotting is also warranted if the plant requires constant watering, there is a white crust of salt accumulation on the soil surface or roots are growing out of the holes in the container's bottom or breaking the container. If you live in an area where the temperature drops below about 45 degrees at night, you will need to bring your plants indoors. Soak the soil well, and then allow all excess water to drain away. When should I repot my poinsettia? Don’t transplant poinsettia plants outdoors right after Christmas. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service: What Do You Do With a Poinsettia After the Holidays Are Over? Check to see if your poinsettia's container has drainage holes. To encourage rapid re-growth, keep the plant in a sunny location and watered, fertilizing about once a month. Repot the plant in fresh potting soil that has good drainage. How to rebloom a poinsettia. It is particularly well known for its red and green foliage and is widely used in Christmas, floral displays. Here 's how to prune your poinsettia as soon as you get home. Colorful flower-like bracts are the modified leaves that give poinsettia its red and green foliage is. 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