An (email) attachment = “Une pièce jointe” 6. Michael Gabriel Sumastre is a skilled technical blogger and writer with more than seven years of professional experience in Web content creation, SEO and research paper writing. Spyware is software that secretly monitors computer activity, attempting to gain private information without the computer user knowing. Even published, successful novels sometimes do so. I know some poeple say the Monty Python sketch is the source of the “unsolicited message” sense of spam but I don’t think it’s completely convincing. Uptime and downtime describes how long a website, computer, or other system has been working (uptime) or not working (downtime). It includes the monitor, the keyboard, the mouse, the main case which stores the RAM, CPU and the motherboard. The greater the bandwidth, the faster data will be sent and received.”. accelerator A microprocessor, ASIC, or expansion card designed to offload a specific task from the CPU, often containing fixed function hardware. I’m intrigued that in most cases you use an initial capital for “internet”, whereas there seems to be no pattern as to when you use capitals for “(world wide) web”. The Internet is essentially the wiring that allows computers all over the world to communicate. Floppy disks are sometimes called “secondary storage devices”. window.__mirage2 = {petok:"ee2c43e052f6afb9f96a005f31f21c59d53ded96-1609921952-1800"}; You can also read and write data in a floppy disk. As you’ll know, the word spam originally referred to a tinned meat product, the name formed from “SPiced hAM”. Another very common source of confusion. A class of computational models for simulating the actions and interactions of autonomous agents (both individual or collective entities such as organizations or groups) with a view to assessing their effects on the system as a whole. Your computers hard disk drive is like an audio CD that you possess at home – except your computer can read and write to it. A Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) A high-speed point-to-point channel for attaching a video card to a computer's motherboard, primarily to assist in the acceleration of 3D computer graphics. In some cases a narrow de nition is given for simplicity sake. A Trojan – or Trojan Horse – is a piece of software that gains access to a computer by pretending to be benign or by hiding within some innocent-looking application. Hard drive = “un disque dur” 9. That’s the connection. Oh, and if you plug your ipod into your computer and transfer your music to it, that’s not downloading either. The World Wide Web is a system that operates via this wiring. Now you know how and why to learn technical English terms. Hacker A person with technical expertise who experiments with computer systems to determine how to develop additional features. A worm is similar but it can exist independently; it doesn’t need to attach to a separate program. A common example is a graphics processing unit. Your word processor, database or spreadsheet programs cannot work unless the operating system is there in the pc. Cloud computing Answer: Every computer requires a set of programs known as the ‘operating system’ to run the system and make all the other programs work. The device that your computer is either directly connected to via an ethernet cable or that you use to access your home WiFi network is a router. Windows is the best known GUI. An app or application is a software program. It measures it in cycles of time and refers it to as megahertz. That’s transferring, or syncing. Oh, I’d like to add on more term that writers (especially TV writers) muddy a lot: Hard Drive or Hard Disk. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? I’m aware of the differences but was trying to explain some technical terms in layman’s terms. Analog technology is any piece of technology that does its job without processing numbers electronically like a computer does. Y. For volumes of data above a certain level, bandwidth effectively correlates to speed. They are most often located INSIDE the ‘box’ of a computer. The greater the bandwidth, the faster data will be sent and received. Strictly speaking you don’t store things in the computer’s memory as that vanishes when you turn the machine off. He has written more than a thousand articles related to tech and gadgets, cloud computing, IT management, SEO, SEM and software solutions. In fact the term is used more widely these days to refer to such messages in a variety of places, not just on email – for example comments on blogs. Techopedia has one of the web's most comprehensive computer dictionaries. You might think of analog as “old-school” technology, like film cameras or tape recorders. Many other types of data travel across the Internet too, for example email. Mind you, most people have laptops now and than seems to cause less confusion. An internet (small “i”) is any collection of inter-connected networks. See the Wi-Fi Alliance site for more. That’s not downloading either. When you first set out to learn the science and art of computer programming, there is a huge amount to learn and it can sometimes seem a little bit overwhelming. A small text file sent to your computer by a web site you have visited. ‘Software’ is the term which refers to the instructions needed to make a computer work. Broadband is a rather vague term that refers to bandwidth somewhere above that of an old dial-up modem, although there is no precise definition of the term. Spam in the email sense also involves repeated posts on fora, on IRC, on game channels; all kinds of places really (and, incidentally, is one of the main reasons for the increase in CAPTCHA on discussion boards). It is interested in reading and also for learning. Broadband connections are generally “always on”, unlike modem connections. Firewalls block traffic that is undesirable in some way, the intention being to prevent infection by malware and so on without restricting the user from carrying out legitimate activity. The term derives from “bootstrap”, as in the phrase “to pull oneself up by one’s bootstraps”, because of the similarity to that seemingly impossible act (as a computer can’t run without first loading some software but must be running before any software can be loaded). //. His rationale is WHY call a door knob a door knob, when you can abort it to “slugg-bitt-sko figg-nut”???? Technology terms vocabulary, Technology terms word list - a free resource used in over 40,000 schools to enhance vocabulary mastery & written/verbal skills with Latin & Greek roots. By and large, all of the above will have some malicious intent – to harm data, spy on computer activity and so forth. 1. Yes, those would all be good terms to include in a further post. , Cecily, I’m in the US and can’t understand why you folks over there use half the words you do. Finally the que… Bandwidth is actually a measure of a network’s capacity not its speed. Strictly speaking, such devices are not modems at all as they communicate digitally but the word has stuck; its meaning has shifted to refer to digital devices as well. Cecily: 2. Thanks. Sorry if I wasn’t consistent! Copyright © 2020 Daily Writing Tips . Programmer - Programming languages - Database terms - Web design terms: Top 10 programming terms; NBSP HTML Machine language 1GL Pipe Programming language Assembly ASCII Low-level language Ternary operator. It’s from here that the computer loads things into its memory. A byte is (generally) a collection of eight bits, so called because of the pun with bit and bite. A system of transmission of sounds, images, texts or data in the form of electronic signals. A browser = “un navigateur” 7. Programs written for one specific operating system cannot work on another operating system. This is the place of computer data handling. You can have a program for ‘word processing’. A peripheral device that reads and/or writes information on a disk . Well, almost. To be honest there are so many I had trouble choosing! Think about CPUs (and aligned circuitry) beating like a heart, this pulsing/beating is expressed as “MHz” e.g. An internet is more than one network of computer networked together. I hear people use “download” to refer to any file transfer where one of the two parties in the transfer is their computer! Revise With the concepts to understand better. Basic Computer Terms Hardware - The physical parts of a computer - CPU . Also, it is a set of computer files which are used to perform various actions on the computer. A great deal of jargon is used when talking about computers, and it’s surprising how often these terms are used incorrectly. Simon, I have no problem asserting something as fact especially if I KNOW it will be debated. 200 Technical Terms Computer Science [SLC / SEE] with answers Networking and Telecommunication. The Internet is the specific public internet connected by a particular set of technologies, derived from the US DARPANET project. Absolutely – at the bit level. Glossary of Computer - Related Technical Words in Tamil Download As PDF. Now I can speak intelligently to something I was actually trying to learn. At each end you needed a “modulator” to generate the sounds to transmit and a “demodulator” to convert received sounds back into numbers. The first, smallest piece seems like it was self-evident, and the rest naturally follow.1. I have always heard the anecdote, told by my parents – both of whom have been in IT since the very first months of computer technology – and my university professors that SPAM is an acronym for ‘Stupid, Pointless, Annoying Message/s’, and has nothing to do with the Monty Python skit. A computer in itself is a wide term. The Oxford Dictionary says this only “appears” to be the case. Question: Define the term ‘Operating System’. Terms related to mathematics, including definitions about logic, algorithms and computations and mathematical terms used in computer science and business. A hard drive can be removed from the box, replaced, moved to a larger box, and some computers don;t use any hard drive at all. From “MOdulator/DEModulator” came the word modem. Even the geeks (who fix them on campus) don’t know many of the acronyms! In other words, your computer can take data from your hard drive (to process it in the CPU or place it in RAM to work with). I have never understood why corporate IT departments struggle to explain these terms when employees really want to understand. Internet is the specific proper noun referring to one particular internet. Most of the time, the French equivalent is just a literal translation of the English term. It’s from here that the computer loads things into its memory. CAD is used by architects, engineers, artists and other professionals to create precise technical drawings. Cookies cannot store viruses or other threats, although they can be used to track your activity across different web sites in order to provide, for example, “targeted” advertisements. Brought to us by the Personal Computer Memory Card International Association, it was immediately understood to mean People Can’t Memorize Computer Industry Acronyms. Argh, First, I want your group to know the ‘daily’s’ of “writing” is helpful, though at times super-magnum confusing! The reading or writing of data; as a verb, to gain entry to data. You'll also get three bonus ebooks completely free. Because he too is “bent in the head”! You are too lazy to count, so you ask the person in front of you. Works for me. It is very essential to understand each and every component of a computer and its terminologies to understand a computer as a whole. Battery terms - CD terms - Floppy drive definitions - Hard drive terms - Keyboard terms - Memory terms - Modem terms - Motherboard terms - Mouse terms - Network terms - CPU terms - Scanner terms - Sound terms - Tape drive terms - Video terms. What PIN-head came up with that folderol of backward ‘marks’/letters???? A Simpli ed Computer Science Glossary Dr. Robert B. Heckendorn Computer Science Department, University of Idaho September 9, 2019 Here is a very simple glossary of computer science terms. We were there. Hackers are occasionally requested by system administrators to try and break into systems via a network to test security. Here are some of the most common terms used and our attempt to translate some of the common technical terms to plain-English. The abbreviation HDD stands for “hard disk drive”. The execution of the instructions within the computer system is very fast. No, you did not download the a physical cd to your computer by sticking it in the drive and running itunes. Email This BlogThis! It’s a good thing there’s no CAPTCHA here on your comment system. Like most programs, Microsoft Word has certain terms and phrases that are specific to it. Communication. The Intel Pentium and Celeron are types of CPUs. In context, if I hear someone use ‘CPU’ or ‘hard drive’ for the system unit, I will know what they mean, but you will see the black smoke rising from my head. and the difference between a widget and a gadget?, for those who are not that familiar with this including myself would mean a great deal. For example you can’t push as many bits per second through a DSL channel as you can through fiber optic cable. Me neither actually – although it’s often called a “base unit”. Computer scientists had to come up with terms to define units of data. I love receiving the Daily Writing Tips, but this one made my morning! These terms are often confused, although they have distinct meanings. Password = “un mot de passe” 10. Number; $1 %1 \1 1GL 2GL 3GL 4GL 5GL. Fair enough, I just didn’t want to assert something as fact when there might have been a debate. But the individual bits travel at the speed of light in both cases. Workbook — The workbook refers to an Excel spreadsheet file. No one who was a hacker in the ’70s and ’80s doubts the Monty Python origin of the term ‘spam.’ The dictionary merely looks for documentation to cite. CAPTCHA checks are the strings of letters and numbers that have to be typed in on some web pages before something can be saved. This is more accurately called RAM or “random-access memory”. CPU means ‘Central Processing Unit’. If you ask me for a hard drive, I will bring you a small silver device figuring you are going to add more storage to your existing system. Z. I had been wondering about “slugg-bitt-sko figg-nut” for weeks on end. In computing, “memory” generally refers to the temporary storage used by a computer whilst it is switched on. (called icons) on the computer screen with a mouse. The big box that your monitor and keyboard and mouse are attached to is NOT THE HARD DRIVE. Comparing bandwidths is like comparing highways with differing numbers of lanes. You simply have to add 1 from the person’s answer to get your current row number. Personally, I think they are now such generic terms that they are in no more need of a capital than the (one and only) atmosphere around our planet. The execution of the instructions within the computer system is very fast. Today, however floppy disks are smaller, rigid, and can carry more data like 1.44Mb. All Right Reserved. Thanks again for the ‘daily’s’! Bandwidth is a measure of how many bits you can push through a given channel in a given amount of time (hence bits per second). Moreover, it does all the data manipulation, calculations and formatting data for output. CPUs are installed on the motherboard inside the system unit, though modern processor packaging architectures are blurring this a bit. if we want to refer to the box, I typically hear people say ‘the box’ or ‘the computer’ or, if appropriate, ‘the tower. The Internet (capital “I”) is the worldwide collection of public, inter-connected networks that we all use daily. File = “le fichier” 2. Bandwidth is an indication of how quickly data travels along a connection. An application is most commonly referred to as an app and is now part of everyday language. 1. Cecily says: “I’m intrigued that in most cases you use an initial capital for ‘internet’, whereas there seems to be no pattern as to when you use capitals for ‘(world wide) web’.”. Analog. Have a doubt at 3 am? Nibble: a half byte, or 4 bits.5. @ApK: I don’t know where you are, but in England, and working in IT, I don’t think I’ve ever heard the CPU referred to as a “system unit”. 1 terabyte = 1024 (or 1000) gigabytes 84. Desktop computers, mainframes, smartphones, tablets, GPS units, video game consoles, and smart devices all connect to the internet. 32 bit machine (n)~ A computer that works with data in groups of 32 bits at a time. the word that drives me crazy because it’s misused so often is “download”. The origin of this is well documented; it’s from a Monty Python sketch ( . That’s why the ‘… Central processing unit; the brain of the computer; controls the other elements of the computer . Posted by HK Arun at Monday, August 23, 2010. but most of the time it annoys me. It is intangible in nature. There was no acronym. Specifically, RAM stands for “Random Access Memory” or “Ready Access Memory”. Web pages are transmitted via Internet connections but there is more to the Internet than just the web. On Spam. In order to refer to large numbers of bits and bytes, various prefixes are used, as in : 1 kilobyte = 1024 (or 1000) bytes The acronym CAPTCHA actually stands for “Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart” – a rather contrived way of arriving at an acronym that sounds like the word “capture”. Sorry, your parents and professors are wrong. Great post could you include the terms avatar,wikis, webinar and thread? Also, it can record the results of the work it does back to the disk, which is “writing to disk”. Someone in a movie theater asks you what row you’re sitting in. Yes, fair enough, I was trying not to get too technical! 1 petabyte = 1024 (or 1000) terabytes. It may have some malicious intent or it may exist simply to reproduce. They were known as ‘floppy’ originally because they were 5¼ inches in width and floppy. The Apple Macintosh II and higher models are 32-bit machines, in terms of both the word size of their microprocessors and the size of the data buses, as are computers based on the Intel 80386 and higher-level microprocessors. Sending or receiving information between two or more persons. It is a temporary notepad where your computer sends information to disk, or to the storage place of instructions from other input devices. Now learn Live with India's best teachers. The BIOS is firmware that is stored on a memory chip on the motherboard of a computer. Thanks for clearing that up. A glossary of computer and Internet terms with definitions that are easy to understand. What are the most essential computer English terms? Hence, whenever someone buys a computer he/she becomes more conscious about the CPU and its capabilities. Unsolicited email messages sent out in bulk and generally commercial in nature. Join courses with the best schedule and enjoy fun and interactive classes. . Technical Computer Terms and Their Meanings Application or App. As this is a language blog, I’m also interested in whether people prefer “website” to “web site” and “e-mail”, “email” or “E-mail” etc (I prefer the neatness of single words, without hyphens or capitals). Again, people sometimes refer to web browsers as “the Internet”, whereas they really only provide the means to view pages on the web. If you come across a word or phrase that you either don’t understand, or that you think should be in this glossary, please let us know and we will add it. Bit: a single binary piece of data, either a 0 or a 1.2. Subscribers get access to our archives with 800+ interactive exercises! It’s quite common for the terms “Internet” and “World Wide Web” to be used interchangeably, but these aren’t actually the same thing. “Bandwidth is an indication of how quickly data travels along a connection. Word processor = “un traitement de texte” 8. I like the term CAPTCHA, Watch lectures, practise questions and take tests on the go. They could carry almost 720kb of data. The term “random access” indicates that memory locations in RAM are accessible in any order unlike sequential access of a data cassette tape. 1 megabayte = 1024 (or 1000) kilobytes concepts cleared in less than 3 steps. Examples include Internet Explorer and Firefox although there are many others. Trust me, I’m an anonymous stranger on the Internet. I suscribed but didn’t get the link to download your book. That’s called ripping. To switch a computer off and on again, allowing its operating system and programs to be reloaded. n-channel MOS. Learn technical terms computer science with free interactive flashcards. The Monty Python skit involves inundating the customer with repetitive mention of the unwanted and unsolicited ingredient: Spam Spam Spam Spam Spam Spam Spam and Spam. The software is also known as a “program”. CD-R drive: A type of disk drive that … When I spoke to the retired compuker director, he told me “We hire those who come up with strange names/words naturally!” WHY??? Like the eponymous spam, the unsolicited email just comes and comes and comes. Similarly a collection of four bits – half a byte – is sometimes called a “nybble”. Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Pinterest. ADSL/ADSL 2+ = Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line. Simply, it is smaller than HDD and portable – you can take it to another computer and read from it there also. I got so many things to learn with this reading. BTW, the rest of the term are very basic, so yeah, we all should know it. It includes various concepts, terms, and terminologies. The brain of the time it annoys me blurring this a bit not download the a physical cd to computer... That you have visited could you include the terms you are when you the... Have visited switched on a network to test security engineers, artists other. 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Has one of the time, the French equivalent is just an.. Very basic, so called because of the pun with bit and bite device that reads and/or information! You ’ re sitting in floppy disks are sometimes called a “ binary digit ”, unlike connections! Travels along a connection and take tests on the motherboard INSIDE the system unit imprecise. That make your computer and its terminologies to understand a literal translation of the work does... Exist independently ; it ’ s no CAPTCHA here on your comment system ” such Google Bing. Across below come across below one particular Internet, each term page goes into further detail with insights, world... De texte ” 8, video game consoles, and if you open your HDD you. Disk ” proper noun referring to one particular Internet though modern processor packaging architectures are blurring this a bit ask. Never understood why corporate it departments struggle to explain these terms are often,! Machine ( VM ) CAD is used by a web site you have entered and allows you to or! /Letters????????????????... Speeds – such as ADSL, cable, satellite etc can allow the web ; controls the elements... Will improve your English in five minutes a day nibble: a single piece...